Countries In South America

How many Countries are there in South America?

There are 12 countries in South America.

South America is the fourth largest continent in terms of area after Asia, Africa, and North America respectively. It covers an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi), located mainly in Southern Hemisphere with a very small land portion located in Northern Hemisphere. South America is mainly considered as a large subcontinent of Spanish and Portuguese influenced America. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east and North America and the Caribbean Sea to the northwest. Having twelve sovereign states, South America has a population of over 420 million and ranks fifth among the continents in this term. The continent is rich in geographical biodiversity by being home to Amazon rainforest and Andes Mountains including some of the amazing waterfalls. The average annual temperature of Amazon stays around 27°C with a very high rainfall index. The climate has milder winters but warmer summers in comparison to North America.

South America Map (Countries)

South American Countries

South America Map (Countries)

Except for Peru being a Semi-Presidential Republic entity, all the other constituting states are Presidential Republics. The rise of Brazil as an emerging economic superpower has changed the geopolitical dynamics of the continent. Like North America, this too has a history of colonialism thus, explains the European influences in the form of Portuguese and Spanish speaking majority. The societies and states show the western influence. But that doesn’t come in the way of indigenous cultural influences. South America is recognized as a broad mix of ethnicities.

South American Countries

Country

Area (in sq km) Capital Population Currency GDP (rate %)

GDP (PPP) in US$

Argentina 2780400 Buenos Aires 43,132,000 Peso -2.2 20,170
Bolivia 1098581 Sucre, La Paz 10,520,000 Boliviano 4.3 7,190
Brazil 8547404 Rio de Janeiro 204,519,000 Real -3.6 15,211
Chile 736905 Santiago 18,006,000 Chilean Peso 1.6 23,969
Colombia 1141748 Bogota 48,549,000 Colombian Peso 2.0 14,161
Ecuador 275830 Quito 16,279,000 Sucre -1.6 11,036
Guyana 214969 Georgetown 747,000 Guyana Dollar 3.4 7,919
Paraguay 406752 Asuncion 7,003,000 Guarani 4.0 9,353
Peru 1244284 Lima 31,153,000 Nueva Sol 3.9 13,018
Suriname 163820 Paramaribo 560,000 Suriname Guilder -5.1 15,179
Uruguay 176215 Montevideo 3,310,000 Uruguayan Peso 1.5 21,570
Venezuela 912050 Caracas 30,620,000 Bolivar 1.3 15,102