Europe

 Europe Quick Facts

Land Area 7,769,964 km²
Population 738,849,000 as per 2016
Number of Countries 50
Largest Country Russia
Smallest Country Vatican City
Unique Geographical features Cliff of Moher

Black Forest

Eisriesenwelt

 

Europe is the second smallest and historically relevant continent on Earth. This is the part of a giant continental mass called Eurasia. It is spread over an area of 10,180,000 km2 and it covers 6.7% of earth’s land. Even it is a small continent it is densely populated and in terms of population, Europe is in the third place after Asia and Africa. This is most diverse and very exciting continent with many mysteries.

Geography

Europe is continent with 50 countries and 5 territories. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the south and Ural Mountains of Russia in the easternmost side. Europe can be divided into central Europe, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe. The northern part is Scottish Island and the southern part is Hungarian pains. Central Europe is full of mountains. So, it can be divided into two regions. Those are the Southern area with mountains and highlands and Northern area with a vast flat area. This created a diverse culture on the continent.

Europe Map

Europe Map

Russia is the largest country in Europe and it takes 40% of entire Europe’s land area. Moscow is the largest city with more than 2 million inhabitants and the Vatican is the smallest city both by population and size. The longest river in Europe is the Volga in Russia which is 2850km long and highest mountain is Elbrus in Russia. Green land is the largest island in the world and Rhine falls in Switzerland is the largest plain waterfalls in Europe. There is an active volcano in Europe called Mount Etna in Sicilia. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and world’s second largest active volcano after Kilauea in Hawaii.

History

According to ancient Greek mythology, Europa was a beautiful ancient princess. Others say that the name Europe was originated from the Greek word ‘Eurus’ which means broad or wide. This name was first used by Greek Cartographer Anaximander as a geographical term. The meaning of this name is wide-gazing or broad of aspect. Europe is home to some great empires like Roman Empire, British and Russian empires.

Climate

Europe lies in the northern hemisphere so it has got four different seasons.

  • Spring: March-May
  • Summer: June- August
  • Autumn: September-November
  • Winter: December- February

As there is a mountain in the middle it separates northern Europe from the southern part. Also, Gulf Stream helps to keep the climate gentle than rest of the world. There are five different regions with different climate. The deciduous forest has got 4 different seasons with warm summer. Trees shed their leaves in autumn. When it comes to the Coniferous forest the winter is cold and snowy and warmer summers. The Mediterranean has warmer summer months and rainfall in winter and autumn months. Grassland weather is hot summers and cold winters with rainfall. Tundra region has got very cold winter and warm summer with very small rainfall.

Languages

Europe is home to immigrants from all regions. About 11% of world population lives in Europe and the most popular language is German. The language of Europe falls into three Indo European languages. Romance languages derived from Latin, Germanic languages derive from Scandinavia and Slavic languages. Slavic language is the most spoken language in central, eastern and South-Western Europe. Germanic language is spoken in Northern Europe and Romance language is spoken in South Western Europe and Romania. There are 27 languages spoken in Europe such as French, Swiss, German, Spanish and Portuguese are some of them.

Cuisine

Western cuisine is very diverse. Main food items are steak, sauces, cheese, and cutlet. Wheat flour- based bread is an important source of starch. Other starch sources are pasta, dumplings, pastries, and potato. Salads are an integral part of European Cuisine.

Religion

Most Europeans believe in Christianity and a small percentage believes in Islamism, Jewish, and other religion. But about 18% of Europeans are atheist.

Biodiversity

Due to the high density of population only a few areas of Europe you can find some animals. Europe is hot for animals like rabbits, deer, lizards, hedgehog etc. Also, you can find wolves, brown bears, and bison here. Bison are the most threatened and endangered species and you can spot them in some area of Europe. There are many bird species in Europe but only some of them breed in Europe. Others migrate to warmer regions during the winter season.

Tourism

  • Big Ben England: Great bell clock at the north end of West minister palace in London
  • Eiffel tower in France: Most popular massive iron structure and architectural wonder in the world
  • Neuschwanstein castle in Germany: One of the most popular tourist destination palace in Germany
  • Alhambra in Spain: Great palace in Spain and popular for its decoration and architecture
  • Atomium in Brussels: One of the iconic structure of Belgium
  • Kremlin in Russia: Magnificent palace complex located in the heart the of the Russian capital
  • Acropolis in Greece: one of the ancient building and a great example of excellent architecture with historical importance.
  • Mont Blanc in Switzerland: This white mountain is the highest mountain in the Alps
  • Colosseo in Rome: It is a popular Amphitheatre in the center of Rome

Economy

Europe is known as world’s richest continent. One- third of world’s wealth is located in Europe continent.  Europe developed a modern economy based on commercial agricultural, industrial development and using special services. Europe also posses’ useful minerals, petroleum, coal, gas, uranium, iron etc. So, mining is an important source of economic development. Chemic industry, light industry, handicrafts, trading within Europe and outside Europe are major contributors of the economy.

Some Interesting facts about Europe

  • Europe contains world’s largest and smallest countries. They are Russia and Vatican City respectively
  • Vatican City is the only country in the world that has been declared as World Heritage site by UNESCO.
  • Europe is popular for winemaking. It produces 44% of world’s wine
  • Europe is the birthplace of western civilization.
  • Norway in Europe continent is known as the happiest country in the world.
  • The largest city in Europe is Istanbul with a population of 14 million people and it is located in two continents Asia and Europe.
  • The Mediterranean Sea was once a driest place and now it home for thousands of beautiful Islands.
  • Statue of Liberty was designed in France and was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel.
  • Europe is a desert less continent

Europe is a continent with historical importance as it is the birthplace of western civilization. With many tourist places, prominent monuments and captivating structures Europe stand as a proof of some glorious and perturbed past.